Stephen Hawking was a renowned theoretical physicist and cosmologist who made significant contributions to our understanding of the universe. He was born in Oxford, England in 1942 and showed an early interest in science and mathematics. He went on to study natural science at Oxford University, and later earned his Ph.D. in physics from Cambridge University.
In 1963, at the age of 21, Hawking was diagnosed with a form of motor neuron disease called Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). The disease causes the degeneration of the motor neurons that control movement, and most people with ALS die within a few years of diagnosis. Despite the grim prognosis, Hawking refused to let his illness define him and continued to pursue his studies and his passion for science.
Over the course of his career, Hawking made numerous groundbreaking contributions to the field of physics. He worked on the concept of black holes, the mysterious cosmic objects that are so dense that nothing, not even light, can escape their gravitational pull. Hawking also developed theories about the origins of the universe, including the theory that the universe began as a singularity, a point of infinite density and temperature.
In addition to his scientific work, Hawking was also known for his ability to communicate complex scientific concepts in a way that was accessible to the general public. His books, including “A Brief History of Time” and “The Universe in a Nutshell” became bestsellers and helped to increase the public’s understanding of science.
Despite facing significant challenges, Hawking lived for more than five decades after his diagnosis. Hawking died on March 14, 2018, at the age of 76. His death was widely mourned by the scientific community and the general public, as he was seen as an inspiration and a symbol of hope for people with disabilities. Despite his death, Hawking’s legacy will continue to live on through his scientific contributions and the impact he had on the world.